TALBOT CURVE

 Curve studied by Roche and Talbot in 1821, then by Tortolini in 1846.

 Cartesian parametrization, starting from the ellipse :  where . Rational sextic.

The Talbot curve is the negative pedal of the ellipse with respect to its centre. It is therefore the envelope of the lines perpendicular to the diameters of the ellipse, at their ends.

 for  the curve has an oval shape for  the curve has 4 cusps

 Therefore, the Talbot curve is also (up to homothety with ratio 1/2), the isotel of the ellipse with respect to its centre, i.e. the locus of the centres of the circles tangent to the ellipse and passing by its centre. On this elliptic island, the Talbot curve without its two "fins", encloses the zone of the points closer to the centre than to the shore.

 This curve can be generalised by considering the negative pedal of the ellipse with respect to any point on its major axis, located at distance d from the centre. We get the parametrization: . First special case: negative pedal of the ellipse with respect to a focus (d = c). The first parametrization simplifies to . The case  gives  which is none other than, up to scaling, the fish curve with pointed fins. Second special case: negative pedal of the ellipse with respect to a major summit (d = a). The parametrization simplifies to: which is none other than, up to scaling, a deltoid.